Charlie Chaplin Perhaps one of the most famous and most important actors born of cinema. He is a high-ranking figure in world culture and a world-famous icon.
I suggest to read the little-known facts from the life of the star of a silent movie.
Chaplin’s childhood was full of poverty and hardship. He was sent to a work house at the age of seven years. The council placed him in the Central London County School and Norwood School in order for the boy to beg. He is the best example of how to get out of poverty and become successful.
After his mother was sent to a shelter for mentally ill patients at Kane Hill, he and his brother Sydney married to his father-an alcoholic. Subsequently, they were rescued by the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
With the help of his father, he became a member of the Eight Lancashire Lads clog-dancing troupe who toured around Great Britain. He refused to study because of a mother’s relapse, he signed up for a London-based West End event. His role in the film, G. A. Sentsbury’s “Jim Romance Cocaine,” canceled. The show was closed in two weeks.
But at 14, Chaplin smiled fortune: the young man took on a permanent job in the theater, where he received the role of partisan in the production of Sherlock Holmes. It is noteworthy that the teenager was illiterate, so to study the role he helped brother Sid.
Already in 1908, 19-year-old Charlie was taken to the theater Fred Carnot, which was just preparing pantomime and sketches for English musical lobbies. Very soon a young man becomes a key actor in most of the performances. After 2 years, the corpse of Carnot goes on tour in America. Then Charlie Chaplin decided that he would stay in the USA.
One day Chaplin’s performance was seen by Mac Sennett. The American film producer liked the game so much that he invited the artist to work in his studio. In September 1913 Charlie Chaplin signed a contract with “Keystone.” The studio pledged to pay him $ 150 a week.
Initially things did not go well. Sennett even wanted to dismiss Charlie Chaplin, considering his decision to take him to work reckless. But after a year the Englishman becomes a leading actor. The audience was delighted with the rough hero of the impromptu Mak Sennet. But even more an entertainer liked them when he stepped away from the method invented by Sennett. When Chaplin, playing invented by Sennett Ces (or Chase), brings more humanity and lyricism to the game, viewers warmer meet the hero.
One day, Sennett asked Charlie Chaplin to somehow take a new look for the comedy painting “Children’s Motor Racing”. Then the artist came up with his new image, which now all know. These are wide trousers, too narrow a jacket (business card), a small hat, huge boots, not dressed on that leg, and auskarts.
This is how the image of the Little Tramp was born. Subsequently, to this friend we all added a reed, seen by Charlie on one of his father’s photos. A tramp instantly becomes megapopular. But when Charlie Chaplin succeeds, he begins to realize that he may be a more successful scriptwriter and director than those who manage them.
In 1914, Chaplin’s first film, Captured by Rain, appeared. Here Charles acted not only as an actor, but also for the first time as a director and screenwriter. Unlike the Quistone studio, with which Chaplin is going, the Essenie Film studio pays an artist $ 1250 a week for work and 10,000 for a contract. In 1916-17, “Mychuel Phil” pays for a comedian’s work even better: 10 thousand dollars a week and 150 thousand per contract. In 1917, Charlie Chaplin signed a $ 1 million contract with the Furst Nashl studio and became the most expensive actor of his time.
In 1919, Chaplin will have its own film studio United Artists. In this studio, Charles Chaplin worked until the early 1950s, when he was obliged to leave America forever. Charlie Chaplin’s “United Artists” Charlie Chaplin’s most popular paintings featured feature films “Parizhanka”, “Gold Rush”, “Lights of a Big City” and “New Times”.
The “Parisian” picture of the star was taken cool. This is a psychological drama where Chaplin appeared only as a kameo. The habit of seeing the beloved image of the Little Rogue took over them.
But critics highly appreciated Charlie’s new job, recognizing the author’s talent. The “Gold Rush” and “Circus”, which came out inside and in the late 1920s, were more warmly accepted and considered the classics of cinema.
When Chaplin arrived in his native London in the 1920s, and then in Paris, he met huge crowds of adherents of creativity. The second visit to Europe occurred in the 1930s. The actor brought his new films – “The Fires of a Great City” and “New Times”.
Charlie Chaplin’s debut in the sound cinema took place in 1940. This was an anti-Hitler picture “The Great Dictator.” In addition, it was the last tape in which Chaplin appeared in the form of the Little Rogue. With the release of the picture Chaplin’s persecution begins. He is accused of anti-American activity and commitment to communist ideas. Edgar Hoover, head of the American FBI, activates the collection of records for Chaplin, begun back in the 1930s.
The peak of persecution came in the 1940s, when Chaplin filmed his film “Monsieur Verdou.” He banned censorship. The artist began to pour dirty. They drove him in everything: in dislike to the country that gave him shelter (the actor did not accept US citizenship); in that he is a secret communist and a Jew. Dug in their private lives, pulling dirty linen to the surface. However, the picture of “Monsieur Verdu” was nominated for “Oscar” for the best scenario.
The expedition of the artist from America succeeded in 1952, when Chaplin went to London for the premiere of his painting “The Lights of the Ramp”. Hoover has obtained immigration bans on the return of the actor in the United States. Charlie Chaplin settled in the Swiss city of Vevey. Assuming he can be expelled from the country, Charlie leaves the power of attorney for all his property to his wife. And she, selling everything, moves with her children to Switzerland.
In Switzerland, Charlie Chaplin continues to create. He wrote music to some of his dumb movies. Sounded the Golden Rush. In 1948, under the pen of the artist, the novel “The Ramp” was published, which became the basis of the tape “The ramps”. In 1954, Chaplin was awarded the International Peace Prize. And in 1957 the Charlie Chaplin’s “King in New York”, where the actor played a major role, went out.After seven years, the prominent “dumb” released the memoirs, which formed the basis of the biographical picture “Chaplin”, which the audience saw in 1992. The latest film of the artist, “Countess of Hong Kong,” was delivered in 1967. To visit Charlie Chaplin again in the USA in 1972. He was given a short visa to arrive at the Oscars ceremony. It was the second statuette received by Charlie. After 3 years Queen Elizabeth II has dedicated Chaplin to the Knights.
Charlie Chaplin died on December 25, 1977. He was not in a dream. The artist was buried in the cemetery in Vevey. But in March 1978, after the abduction of the coffins for the purpose of redemption, his remains were reburied in another Swiss city – Corso-sur-Vevey, the tomb of a half-meter thick layer of concrete.